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    دروس الانجليزية Grammar

    شاطر
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    rey
    المدير
    المدير

    بلدي : العلم المغربي
    الجنس : ذكر
    عدد المساهمات : 749
    نقاط : 1609
    تاريخ التسجيل : 01/12/2009

    دروس الانجليزية Grammar

    مُساهمة من طرف rey في السبت فبراير 12, 2011 5:15 am

    - simple present

    اليوم اقدم لكم شرح بتفاصيل دروس اللغة الانجليزية بسم الله و عليه نتوكل

    definition

    the S.present is a short action on present

    يعني هي حركة قصيرة تقع في حاضر

    REM:sj+verb(s.p)

    key words:sj+sometimes_often_urually_always...+verb

    EX: I always get up early

    بنسبة لسؤال نطرحه على هذه القاعدة

    how often+do/does+sj+verb

    EX:you don't always get up early

    key words: sj+presently+verb

    EX: the doctors presntly try to find a cure of cancer

    بنسبة لسؤال

    when do they try to find a cure of cancer

    key words: sj+ever_never+verb

    EX: you never watche film

    سؤال يطرح على هذا شكل

    does he ever watche film

    مثال اخرى

    EX: i ever drive quickly

    بنسبة لسؤال

    do you drive quickly

    key words: every..once a..twice a

    و تكون في بداية الجملة او نهايتها

    بنسبة لطرح سؤال يكون على شكل تالي

    how often+do/does+sj+verb

    Collocations
    Oxford
    Collocations Dictionary ESL defines a collocation as the way words
    combine in a language to produce natural-sounding speech and
    writing.The use of collocations makes students sentences more natural
    and native speaker- like.

    Collocations are formed as follows:


    Parts Of SpeechExamples
    adjective + nouneffecient administration/enjoyable passtime/endless patience
    quantifier + nouna dozen of eggs/hundreds of people/a bar of chocolate
    verb + nounhave, meet with,cause , prevent , survive an accident
    noun + verbpoison kills/war started/the wind blows
    noun + nounpassport photo/discourse analysis/blood donation
    preposition + nounBy the dinner time/Under guarantee
    adverb + verblisten attentively/play well/agree heartily/alter substantially
    noun + prepositionfruits from the farm/teacher of english
    verb + verbwant to live/like to drink
    verb + adjectivekeep fit/stay healthy/sound logical
    adverb + adjectiveextremely cold/utterly beautiful
    adjective + prepositionkeen to/fond of/good at

    These
    pages will provide the Second year Bac students with the appropriate
    collocations they need to write a natural and standard essay.


    Passive Voice
    Forming The Passive




    Active:(a)The driver helped the injured woman.
    Passive:(b)The injured woman was helped by the driver.
    In the passive,the object of an active verb
    becomes the subject of the passive verb:the driver
    in (a) becomes the subject of the passive verb
    in (b
    Active:(a)The man decided against a plea bargain.
    Passive:(b)none
    Only transitive verbs (verbs than can be followed by an object) are
    used in the passive;we can't use intransitive verbs sch as
    decide,refuse,complain,fall,happen,sleep,come,seem etc..in the passive
    voice.
    Form of the passive:be+past participle
    ActivePassive
    Simple present:the cat eats the meat.The meat is eaten by the cat
    Present continous:the cat is eating the meat.The meat is being eaten by the cat
    Present Perfect:the cat has eaten the meat.The meat has been eaten by the cat
    Futre Simple:the cat will eat the meat.The meat will be eaten by the cat
    be going to:the cat is going to eat the meat.The meat is going to be eaten by the cat
    Furure Perfect:the cat will have eaten the meat.The meat will have been eaten by the cat
    Simple past:the cat ate the meat.The meat was eaten by the cat
    Past Progressive:the cat was eating the meat.The meat was being eaten by the cat
    Past Perfect:the cat had eaten the meat.The meat had been eaten by the cat
    Conditional

    Third conditional/Conditional Type III


    Conditional Type III is used to express conditions in the past that
    didn't happen and can never be fulfilled.It is often used to express
    regret or criticism.
    Like the other conditionals, a third conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an "if" clause and a main clause.
    Form


    (IF Clause)

    (Main Clause)

    If I had saved my money,

    I would have built a house.

    If I had worked harder,

    I could have passed my exam.

    If Aicha hadn’t been raped,

    She shouldn’t have fled her village.


    Or...
    [center]

    (Main Clause)

    (IF Clause)

    I would have escaped

    if she had warned me.

    Barcelona could have won the match

    if Etoo had returned to full fitness.

    He should have played against Real

    if he had resumed team training .


    Wish/If Only


    Wish/If only are used to express regret,wanting change or complaint.
    The table below lists the changes that occur when we use wish/If only :
    TensesChange
    Simple PresentSimple past
    Simple PastPast Perfect
    WillWould
    canCould
    mayMight
    is/arewas/were
    was/werehad been
    have/hashad
    hadhad had
    mustmust or had to
    Examples:
    I am sorry i was rude to you.I wish hadn't been rude to you.
    He is shy and clumsy.The teacher wishes he wasn't shy and clumsy.

    Future Perfect

    Future Perfect


    FORM :


    [will have + past participle]
    The Future Perfect expresses the idea that something will occur
    before another action in the future. It can also state that something
    will happen before a specific time in the future.
    Examples:


    • By next June, I will have passed my bac exam.
    • Students will have finished this test before it rings.
    • Will she have learned enough Chinese to communicate before she moves to Beijing?
    • In three years, oil prices will have gone higher.
    • How many countries will you have visited by the time you turn 50?



    Future Perfect Progressive



    Future Perfect Progressive empasizes the duration of
    an activity that wil be in progress before another time or event in the
    future.

    Form:[will have +verb+ing]


    • By a few years time,The new AR games will have allowed us to enter
      a new,fully three-dimentional and photorealistic world for hours.
    • She will have been thanking her by now for her urgent help.
    • I am sure he will have been telling his father about your insane mistakes for the moment.
    • she will have been hiding the money box under her bed by the time she leaves her house.
    • TOP services for lingual therapy will have shortly been
      opening their new Laboratory and Office facility for 8 hours a day by
      March 15th

    • past perfect

    • FORM


      [had + past participle]
      Examples:

      • She had learnt Japanese before she moved to Japan.
      • Had he seen his uncle when he came back?
      • By 1970,he hadn't graduated from the niversity.

      • The past perfect expresses an activity that was completed before another activity or time in the past.[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]
      • Examples:
      • She had cleaned the house before her husband came back.
      • By the time he was 42,he had taught for 20 years.
      • As soon as he had graduated from university,he got employed in a company.
      • They were arrested because they had demonstrated in the street.
      • She wishes she hadn't been divorced.
      • After her neighbour raped her,she suicided.
      </li>




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    [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الإثنين أكتوبر 15, 2018 6:29 pm